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Titlesort descending Definition
SARS Coronavirus The viral cause of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS), a respiratory illness that first emerged in 2002. It is characterized by high fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, and is highly contagious and lethal in some cases. The majority of reported cases have originated in China.
SCIG See: Subcutaneous Immune Globulin
Seronegative A negative result from a diagnostically useful serological test, indicating a lack of antibodies to the tested antigen.
Seropositive A positive result from a diagnostically useful serological test, indicating the presence of antibodies to the tested antigen.
Serum The clear portion of any animal liquid separated from its more solid elements such as cells, especially the clear portion (blood serum) that separates during blood clotting.
Solvent Detergent Treated A purification treatment useful in the sterilization of plasma-derived products such as coagulation factors and intravenous immune globulins. The solvent or detergent kills viruses by dissolving the lipid-envelope protective coating around them. Lipid-enveloped viruses include HIV, HBV, and HCV.
Somatropin for Injection Recombinant growth hormone (HGH). A protein-based peptide hormone which stimulates growth, cell reproduction and regeneration.
Source Plasma Plasma that is supplied from donations through plasmapheresis, as opposed to recovered plasma which is obtained from donations of whole blood. Source plasma is collected at donation facilities specializing in plasmapheresis. Donor frequency averages 14 times per year in amounts smaller than typically donated at a blood drive. In a 25,000 liter pool of blood, there are approximately 15,600 donors. Small donations are pooled from repetitive donors. Derivatives of this plasma include albumin, IVIG, coagulation factors, and hyper-immunes. For comparison, see Recovered Plasma.
Subcutaneous Immune Globulin (SCIG) A sterile solution of concentrated antibodies extracted from healthy donors which is administered under the skin in several sites on the body. SCIG is used to treat disorders of the immune system or to boost immune response to serious illness, and to treat immunosuppressed recipients of bone marrow transplants.
SubQ Immune Globulin See: Subcutaneous Immune Globulin
Surgical Oncology The surgical aspects of cancer including biopsy and surgical resection of tumors.